Saving our planet, lifting people out of poverty, advancing economic growth... these are one and the same fight. We must connect the dots between climate change, water scarcity, energy shortages, global health, food security and women's empowerment. Solutions to one problem must be solutions for all."
Ban Ki-moon, UN Secretary general
Modern technology from various fields and especially from the defense sector such as intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance tools (ISR), can be adapted and used in humanitarian and conservation efforts to produce long-term proactive effects. The goal is not to introduce specific technology, such as drones merely for the sake of using technology, but rather to properly select, mix and deploy systems and methods for each area as part of a greater strategy, creating a roadmap of tools that empower rangers to fulfill their mission, proactively and efficiently, creating long-term impact on the detection of illegal activity, decreasing poaching levels and improving humanitarian and conservation efforts.
Selecting and deploying the appropriate methods and tools is best achieved when combining expertise from the defense and security sector with a wildlife conservation perspective. This fusion enables a clean process that combines an analysis of the unique set of needs and conditions in each site from a humanitarian or wildlife conservation perspective, existing operational infrastructure, security conditions and technology. The process integrates the local and international community's goals in unison with the knowledge from local field staff and directors, leading to possible solutions that will empower current operation and will provide a proactive approach.
The challenges and possible solutions are vast and require a thorough process for selection, testing and deployment. The following systems are just general examples of solution "families" that may be adapted and adaptable to needs in the field.
Solutions - An introduction
The challenges and possible solutions are vast. We provide a general overview of current technologies that are available and adaptable now to humanitarian and conservation challenges and specifically for protection and anti-poaching missions. The list does not presume to represent every possible technology, but rather to provide a preliminary introduction towards assessing viability per site and need.
Primarily a concept and not a prepackaged, marketed solution – a modular mobile ranger unit with high-end sensors, aimed at overcoming specific barriers, providing rangers with extended range and proactive effectiveness.
The ACPU does not use a specific system but is rather redesigned for each site's specific needs. It is not meant to replace a ranger unit but to empower and extend the coverage and operational possibilities.